Black Entrepreneurship in Mississippi/America
When looking at African Americans in the post-Civil War South and into the 20th-century, scholars have focused on the gains blacks made during the Reconstruction Period, and the subsequent regression that evolved into the social, economic, and political system known as Jim Crow. They have examined such economic and political elements as sharecropping, the violence of the Ku Klux Klan, black leadership and agency, and cultural elements of black-life such as the Harlem Renaissance.
The Fugitve Slave Project
Everyone associated with slaveholding in North America understood that there were no natural-born slaves. African captives resisted their enslavement from the start-some jumped from aboard ship to certain death in the Atlantic Ocean. Many others ran to unknown mountains as soon as they reached dry land. Once English colonists organized the United States, there emerged free states and slave states. Enslaved Africans ran away by the thousands to free states, including Ohio and Indiana, Pennsylvania and New York, and into Canada. An unknown number of black men, women, and children escaped for the hope of freedom.